EduReadings: Freudian Theory of Personality

Sigmund Freud is considered as father of psychoanalysis. His psychoanalytic theory of personality is considered a cornerstone of modern psychology. According to his theory, unconscious needs are heart of human motivation and personality. These innate needs are the basic derives behind building up the personality of any person. He is unaware of the need but it is inside and motivating him/her to act in a particular way or show a particular behavior.

Based on his analysis, Sigmund Freud proposed that the human personality consists of three interacting systems and these are:
  • The Id
  • Ego
  • Super Ego
The Id:
It is basically all about the physiological needs, for which we look for immediate satisfaction of our needs without concerning about the means. Suppose if you are hungry then you may fulfill you hunger by having anything that is readily available to you.

Super Ego:
Before moving towards ego, i would first discuss superego to make the things more understandable.
Well superego concerns with satisfaction of individual needs with respect to social acceptance. You will satisfy you need in the manner that you will considered as most acceptable in your society. For instance, if you want to fulfill my hunger needs, i can fulfill it through simple meal, but you peers like to go to McDonald to have lunch as they consider it a status symbol as well, then you would do the same, as you will feel like that if i did not take lunch at McDonald what my peers would think about me.

Ego is the balance of the Id and Super ego. It is an individual's conscious control. It act as internal monitor. Suppose, if you are hungry, you can fulfill your hunger by having a simple meal which will fulfill your hunger and satisfies you.


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